Grade K

Language Arts

The Elementary English Language Arts Kindergarten course provides students with foundational reading skills, reading comprehension strategies, writing and grammar skills, and speaking and listening skills. Students will learn to identify, match, segment, blend, and change the sounds they hear in words with a consonant-vowel-consonant pattern. Students will learn how to use the basic sounds for consonants and the long and short vowel sounds to decode words when reading. Students will also learn how to use reading comprehension strategies to better understand literature and informative texts. Students will be taught basic grammar skills, such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and pronouns. Students will participate in planning, drawing, and writing informative, narrative, and opinion writing compositions throughout the course.

Major Topics and Concepts

  • Introduction of the alphabet
  • Parts of words
  • Beginning and end sounds in words
  • Rhyme
  • Syllables
  • Identifying the onset and rime in words
  • Identifying letters and sounds
  • Difference between letters and words
  • Uppercase and lowercase letters
  • Reading directionality
  • Identifying and matching middle sounds in words
  • Blending and segmenting onset and rime
  • Blending sounds in words
  • Segmenting sounds in words
  • Adding phonemes to words
  • Deleting phonemes from words
  • Changing sounds to make new words
  • Identifying letter and sounds
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