Grade 4


Science Grade Four is an intermediate course with concepts across many types of sciences including Earth Science, Life Science, and Physical Science. Through asking questions, making predictions, making and comparing observations, making inferences, working with others to conduct investigations, explaining the results of investigations, developing models, constructing arguments, and making claims, students will learn about magnets, motion of objects, energy, properties of matter, physical weathering and erosion, rocks and minerals, plant and animal life, heredity, resources and the environment, seasonal changes, and Earth’s movement.

Major Topics and Concepts

  • The Law of Gravity
  • The Sun and other stars
  • Distance affects the appearance of objects
  • Fixed points of light
  • Uses of a telescope
  • Light, heat, sound, electrical, and mechanical energy
  • Energy causes motion and change
  • Balanced and unbalanced forces
  • Cause and effect relationships of electric or magnetic interactions
  • How heat is created
  • Objects that give off both light and heat
  • Radiant heat from the sun
  • When the sun is not present, heat may be lost
  • Weather conditions of each season
  • Climate regions of the world
  • Physical properties of materials and objects 
  • Mass of a solid
  • Volume of a liquid
  • Measuring and comparing the temperatures of liquids and solids
  • Solid, liquid, and gas as the three states of matter
  • Properties of each state of water
  • Change in state involves a change in temperature
  • Parts of plants and their roles
  • Plant reproduction
  • How plants make their own food
  • How plants respond to heat, light, and gravity
  • Flowering and non-flowering plants
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