Grade 5


Science Grade Five is an intermediate course with concepts across many types of sciences including Earth Science, Life Science, and Physical Science. Through defining problems, conducting investigations, using the scientific method, and using evidence, students will learn about properties of and changes in matter, mixtures, atoms, energy, force and motion, forms of energy, the solar system and galaxies, the water cycle, weather and climate, adaptations, the human body organs and functions, and organism structure, function, and comparison.

Major Topics and Concepts

  • Properties of solids, liquids, and gases
  • Mass
  • Volume
  • Solids can be separated based on observable properties of their parts
  • Materials that dissolve in water and those that do not
  • Mixing two or more materials will result in a new material
  • Conditions that speed up or slow down the dissolving process
  • Matter is composed of parts too small to be seen without a microscope
  • Physical and chemical changes that are affected by temperature
  • Energy has the ability to cause motion or create change
  • Light, heat, sound, electrical, chemical, and mechanical energy
  • Forces that cause objects to move (pushes, pulls, gravity, friction)
  • The effect of two or more forces acting on an object
  • The more mass an object has, the less effect a given force will have on the object’s motion
  • Balanced vs unbalanced forces
  • Opposing forces
  • How organs work together in the human body
  • Functions of organs and other physical structures of plants and animals
  • Using evidence to support learning
  • Using evidence to support an argument
  • Using data to show patterns
  • Personal opinion vs verified observations
  • Using evidence to support scientific explanations
  • Scientific explanations must always be linked with evidence
  • Science uses empirical evidence
  • Creating models
  • Graphing data to provide evidence
  • Generating and comparing multiple solutions to a problem
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