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Factors Affecting Growth and Development in Child

Factors Affecting Growth and Development in Child

To have a child is like having your heart walk outside your body!

(inspired by a legendary quote)

Isn’t that true in every sense?


Being a parent is certainly life-changing in many ways!

It brings immense joy along with an array of new responsibilities for the caregivers.

For most parents, the journey of raising a child is both tedious and rewarding. Most parents keep swinging between the puzzle of nature and nurture. And for years, the struggle to strike the right balance continues for them!

While nature (genetics or hereditary) and nurture are both important, experts have highlighted some crucial factors affecting growth and development to simplify this task. Many parents lack the right knowledge. And this ignorance derails them from their target of shaping the right trajectory of their child’s life.  

Are growth and development synonymous?

And how can we as adults play our part well?

Stay with us as we uncover all factors influencing growth and development to help you build a solid foundation of future success for your loved one!

Let’s begin with definitions first.

How Are Growth and Development Defined

Humans are complex beings. And so is their growth and development process.

A child’s growth progresses through a series of stages. This irreversible change includes quantitative aspects like weight, height, body mass index, etc.

Similarly, development refers to qualitative changes such as language acquisition, social skills, sensory awareness, gross and fine motor skills, etc.

From pregnancy to the time that a child is born, these processes keep on advancing at particular rates. These factors influencing growth and development are quite predominant in childhood. But their impact continues even in adulthood, and it is quite visible across all stages of life.

To yield the best results, caregivers must pay close attention to these crucial aspects throughout their parenting journey. Our Indian kids have unique growth patterns. And experts suggest an Indianized growth chart to perfectly monitor their developmental goals (quantitative changes).

Up next, more about the factors affecting growth and development purely in the Indian settings.

Factors Influencing Growth and Development – The Indian Context

For Indian kids, the factors influencing growth and development are different from many kids raised in other parts of the world.

Indian Experts have curated these findings (an Indianized version of the growth chart) to cover the areas that need to be monitored across these age groups purely in the Indian context. You can check all the details of this chart here.   

Parents/caregivers can track developmental milestones and heed the red flags for timely intervention (if any).

Before diving into more intrinsic details about the factors that affect child’s development, let’s discover some unusual facts about the early years of a child’s life.

Some Interesting Examples and Facts for You!

  • An infant’s head represents 1\4th of the total body’s length. An adult’s head represents around 1/7th of the total body’s length.
  • The factors influencing growth and development affect the most extraordinary period of the child’s life (between 0-8 years).
  • Indian kids grow at a slower rate in comparison to international kids (between 0-4 years).
In new born kids the head represents quarter of the total body

In adults head represents 14% of the body leanght

Extraordinary period for growth and development

What is the Importance of Growth and Development in Children?

These early years make all the difference!

When a child gets a good foundation, it helps him/her to avail great benefits. These include better educational attainment, economic gains, and improved social skills for a fulfilling life.

By far, we know that crucial factors that affect development have a make-or-break effect. For many reasons like these, our Indian government focuses on childcare healthcare programs like the National Health Mission, and the National Health Policy.

These policies have defined goals such as:

IndicatorCurrent StatusNational Health Policy Target by 2025
Under 5 Mortality Rate3523
Neonatal (newborn) Mortality rate2216
Goals for child health

Types of Development in Kids

  • Cognitive (memory, and thinking processes of all kinds)
  • Emotional (experience and regulation of emotions)
  • Brain (includes all abilities controlled by the brain)
  • Social (acquiring the skills to interact with the society)
  • Language (learning the use of language)
  • Physical (advancement of motor skills, senses, muscles, etc.)

If you wish to opt for a schooling program that covers all factors that affect development within the curriculum, do reach out to K8 School’s academic team. Up next, we have a comprehensive view of the factors that affect child’s development.

Factors That Affect a Child’s Growth and Development?

To develop optimally a child needs to feel secure, get good nutrition, and explore varied learning opportunities (Source-WHO). Scientifically, countless factors that affect development shape a child’s life.

Some of these factors influencing growth and development are:

  • Gender
  • Hereditary
  • Social and demographic
  • Ethnicity
  • Culture
  • Economic
  • Relationship between caregivers (environment)
  • Stress
  • Care/support by an adult
  • Supportive relationships etc.

Tips to Ensure Optimum Growth and Development in Kids

  • Keep track of all the factors influencing growth and development.
  • Gauge the developmental goals designed by experts.
  • Follow the immunization schedule on time.
  • Water intake, recreation, and sanitation play a major role in a child’s development process.
  • Caregivers too make a lasting impact on a child. Keep the family atmosphere amicable and secure at all times.
  • Address areas like mental health to ensure holistic development.
  • Opt for all the required interventions right from the pregnancy time to ensure any long-term issues.  

Final Thoughts

Over 43% of our Indian kids under the age of 5 are at risk of lagging behind their actual developmental potential.

Percentage of Indian kids are at a risk of lagging behind their developmental potential | factors affecting growth and development in kids

But let’s stay hopeful that a change is always possible!

Gift your child the advantage across all the essential factors that affect development. And get ready to relish a budding star with high self-esteem, and a well-rounded personality.

Pro Tip- Now bid goodbye to tedious schooling schedules, everyday travel, and hefty bags!

K8 School, the best online school is now open for enrollments!

Thanks for Reading!

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is child growth and development most affected by?
    Several factors influencing growth and development affect a child’s life. The most prominent ones are the environment, genetics, support by caregivers, and early intervention for any issue.
  • How does growth affect child development?
    Growth and development are inseparable. A child’s physical growth is essential for the holistic development process to take place. 
  • How many factors affect development?
    There are many factors that affect development such as genetics, gender, culture, environment, adult support, economic and social condition, ethnicity, stress, etc.

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